Bachata dance is a sensual, romantic, and rhythmic style that is usually danced in couples. Originally from the Dominican Republic, bachata dance is one of the most popular Latin dances and tropical rhythms all around the world. It directly derives from bolero music and has some influence from other musical genres such as merengue, son, and cha-cha-cha.
Bachata dance originated in the Dominican Republic in the 70s. Before that decade, bachata was a term that referred informal gatherings where romantic music was played with a guitar. In fact, the word bachata, in Dominican slang, means party.
It was in these parties that bolero music was played using guitars, bongos (percussion instruments) and sticks. This music style was later given the name of bolero campesino, which, later on, would evolve into the bachata music we know nowadays.